xog-20210318
0001655020FALSE00016550202021-03-182021-03-18


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 8-K
 
 
CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 OR 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): March 18, 2021
 
EXTRACTION OIL & GAS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 

Delaware001-3790746-1473923
(State or Other Jurisdiction
of Incorporation)
(Commission File Number)(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
370 17th Street
Suite 5200
DenverColorado80202
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01XOGNASDAQ Global Select Market
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (720) 557-8300
 
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report.)


Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
 
            Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
 
            Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
 
            Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
 
            Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨




Item 2.02 Results of Operations and Financial Condition

On March 18, 2021, Extraction Oil & Gas, Inc. (the “Company”) issued a press release announcing its financial results for the three months and twelve months ended December 31, 2020. A copy of the press release covering such announcement and certain other matters is furnished as Exhibit 99.1 to this Current Report.

The information in this Current Report, including Exhibit 99.1, shall not be deemed “filed” for the purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, or the Exchange Act, as amended, except as specifically identified therein as being incorporated by reference.

Item 9.01                   Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(d)   Exhibits.

Exhibit No.
Description
99.1


1



SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.


EXTRACTION OIL & GAS, INC.
By:/s/ Tom L. Brock
Tom L. Brock
Chief Accounting Officer

Dated: March 18, 2021

2
Document
Exhibit 99.1
https://cdn.kscope.io/bd039e1751953c78c60e065eea66df29-xog2520logo2520252800225291.jpg
Extraction Oil & Gas Announces Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year 2020 Results
Provides Updated Guidance for Full-Year 2021

DENVER – March 18, 2021 – Extraction Oil & Gas (NASDAQ: XOG) (“Extraction” or the “Company”) today reported financial and operating results for the fourth-quarter and full-year 2020 and provided updated guidance for the full-year 2021.

Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year 2020 Highlights
Achieved average net sales volumes of 82,944 barrels of oil equivalent per day (Boe/d), of which 37% was crude oil and 62% total liquids, for the three months ended December 31, 2020. Average net sales volumes for the year ended December 31, 2020, were 88,907 Boe/d, of which 39% was crude oil and 63% total liquids.

Emerged from financial restructuring with total debt of $265 million drawn on its $500 million credit facility

Eliminated major midstream minimum volume commitments and negotiated new, cost-competitive midstream agreements

Appointed a new, highly engaged Board of Directors focused on shareholder alignment

Expecting to exit 2021 with no debt outstanding

“Extraction now has a strong balance sheet, low cost structure and shareholder-aligned governance structures complementing the high-quality asset base and safe operations for which we have been well-known,” said Tom Tyree, Chief Executive Officer of Extraction. “We are well-positioned to operate at the front of the industry cost curve, generate significant cash flow, repay our outstanding debt and establish a dividend policy by year-end,” he said. “We plan to accomplish this while continuing to reduce our environmental impact and focus on returning real value to our communities.”

Financial Results
For the fourth quarter, Extraction reported crude oil, natural gas and NGL sales revenue of $171 million, as compared to $286 million during the same period in 2019, representing a decrease of $114 million, driven primarily by lower production and lower commodity prices.

Extraction reported net loss of $444 million, or $3.22 per basic and diluted share1 for the fourth quarter, driven by lower realized sales prices and impairment expenses of $207 million. This compared to a net loss of $1.4 billion for the same period in 2019. Adjusted EBITDAX2 was $113 million for the fourth quarter, down 45% quarter-over-quarter. Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged was $105 million for the fourth quarter, down 48% quarter-over-quarter. Please read “Non-GAAP Financial Measures,” included herein.

Debt and Liquidity
As of March 15, 2021, Extraction had $26 million in cash and $254 million drawn on its revolving credit facility, which has elected commitments of $500 million.

1 For further information on the earnings per share, refer to the Consolidated Statement of Operations, included herein.
2 Adjusted EBITDAX and Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged, are Non-GAAP financial measures. For a definition of Adjusted EBITDAX
and Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged, and a reconciliation to our most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP, read “Non-GAAP Financial Measures,” included herein.
1


Production, Pricing and Expenses
The following table provides a summary of our sales volumes, average sales prices and certain operating expenses on a per Boe basis for the three months and year ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively:

For the Three Months EndedFor the Year Ended
December 31,December 31,
2020201920202019
Sales (MBoe): (1)7,631 10,219 32,540 32,385 
Oil sales (MBbl)2,802 4,606 12,543 15,436 
Natural gas sales (MMcf)17,488 21,277 72,311 64,710 
NGL sales (MBbl)1,914 2,067 7,945 6,164 
Sales (Boe/d): (1)82,944 111,077 88,907 88,728 
Oil sales (Bbl/d)30,455 50,065 34,270 42,291 
Natural gas sales (Mcf/d)190,092 231,272 197,571 177,288 
NGL sales (Bbl/d)20,807 22,467 21,708 16,889 
Average sales prices: (2)
Oil sales (per Bbl) (3)$39.60 $47.73 $30.50 $46.74 
Oil sales with derivative settlements (per Bbl) (3)43.03 48.43 37.15 45.16 
Differential ($/Bbl) to average NYMEX WTI (4)(3.06)(8.68)(7.92)(8.71)
Natural gas sales (per Mcf)1.94 1.62 1.34 1.68 
Natural gas sales with derivative settlements (per Mcf)1.85 1.64 1.47 1.68 
Differential ($/Mcf) to average NYMEX Henry Hub (5)(1.09)(0.79)(1.00)(1.10)
NGL sales (per Bbl)13.82 14.58 9.72 12.18 
Average price per Boe (3)22.46 27.84 17.10 27.96 
Average price per Boe with derivative settlements (3)23.51 28.31 19.95 27.19 
Expense per Boe:
Lease operating expenses$1.58 $2.82 $2.39 $3.00 
Transportation and gathering5.15 2.35 4.26 1.64 
Production taxes1.21 2.13 0.89 2.11 
Exploration and abandonment expenses9.70 5.49 7.96 2.74 
Depletion, depreciation, amortization and accretion11.58 16.87 10.21 16.20 
General and administrative expenses1.03 1.27 1.70 3.05 
Cash general and administrative expenses (6)0.78 0.81 1.50 1.69 
Stock-based compensation0.25 0.46 0.20 1.36 
Total operating expenses per Boe (7)30.25 30.93 27.41 28.74 
Production taxes as a percent of revenue5.4 %7.6 %5.2 %7.5 %
(1)One Boe is equal to six thousand cubic feet (“Mcf”) of natural gas or one barrel (“Bbl”) of oil or NGL based on an approximate energy equivalency. This is an energy content correlation and does not reflect a value or price relationship between the commodities.
(2)Average prices shown in the table reflect prices both before and after the effects of our settlements of our commodity derivative contracts. Our calculation of such effects includes both gains and losses on settlements for commodity derivatives and amortization of premiums paid or received on options that settled during the period.
(3)Includes non-cash amounts allocated to a satisfied performance obligation, recognized within oil sales for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, and for the three months ended December 31, 2019, pursuant to ASC 606, Revenue Recognition.
(4)Excludes non-cash amounts allocated to a satisfied performance obligation, recognized within oil sales for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, and for the three months ended December 31, 2019, pursuant to ASC 606, Revenue Recognition.
(5)Based on the difference between our average realized price and the NYMEX Henry Hub Average as converted into Mcf using a conversions factor of 1.1 to 1.
(6)Cash general and administrative expenses for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 include expense of $2.2 million and $2.3 million, respectively, related to the terms of separation agreements with former executive officers. Excluding these one-time expenses results in cash general and administrative expense per Boe of $1.43 and $1.62 for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
(7)Excludes midstream operating expenses, impairment of long lived assets, (gain) loss on sale of property and equipment, and other operating expenses.
2


Operating Results
Fourth quarter average net sales volumes were 82,944 Boe/d, a decrease of 25% from the fourth quarter in 2019. Fourth quarter crude oil volumes of 30,455 Bbl/d decreased 39% from the fourth quarter in 2019. Fourth quarter NGL volumes of 20,807 Bbl/d decreased 7% from the fourth quarter in 2019. During the fourth quarter of 2020, crude oil and NGLs accounted for approximately 65% and 15% of the Company’s total revenues recorded, respectively.

Extraction incurred approximately $160 million in capital expenditures during 2020, drilling 37 gross (25.7 net) wells with an average lateral length of 2.3 miles and completing 45 gross (34.1 net) wells with an average lateral length of 2.4 miles. The Company also acquired approximately $17 million of leasehold and surface acreage during the year.

“Over the past year, our team put tremendous effort into finding ways to lower our cost structure,” said Matt Owens, President and Chief Operating Officer of Extraction. “I am proud to say this effort was successful, as we anticipate drilling the lowest-cost wells in company history – and we achieved savings in excess of 20% on the operating expense side.”

2021 Guidance
The Company is revising its previously issued guidance to reflect various operating updates as well as pricing assumptions of $60/Bbl WTI oil price, $2.80/MMbtu gas and NGL realizations of 30% of WTI for the remainder of the year:

Production66-74 MBoe/d (36-38% oil; 59-63% liquids)
D&C capex$140-180 MM
Land net capex$10-20 MM
Lease operating expense$2.25-2.75/Boe
Recurring cash G&A expense$29-31 MM
Production tax expense8-9% of Revenue less T&M expense
T&M expense (beginning 2Q21)$2.75-3.25/Boe
WTI differential (beginning 2Q21)$6.00-7.00/Bbl

The Company expects to exit 2021 with no debt outstanding and, subject to market conditions, the Company expects to establish a dividend policy by year-end 2021.

Proved Reserves at December 31, 2020
Extraction’s estimated 2020 year-end proved reserves are 146 MMBoe, a 43% decrease when compared to year-end 2019 proved reserves of 254 MMBoe. This decrease was driven primarily by PUD expirations in accordance with the SEC five-year drilling rule caused by the change in business strategy to focus on Free Cash Flow generation rather than production growth. The Company’s estimated proved developed reserves at year-end 2020 were 112 MMBoe, a decrease of 22% year-over-year. Year-end 2020 proved reserves are comprised of approximately 45 MMBbl of oil and 39 MMBbl of NGLs.

During the year ended December 31, 2020, Extraction recognized $198 million in impairment expense on its oil and gas properties as a result of lower forecasted commodity prices and a more measured pace of development to focus on Free Cash Flow generation. In accordance with Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) guidelines, Extraction’s proved reserves at December 31, 2020 were computed using SEC pricing of $39.57 per barrel of crude oil and $1.99 per million British Thermal Units for natural gas, before adjustments for energy content, quality, midstream fees, and basis differentials. Prices adhere to the SEC requirement to use the unweighted arithmetic average of the first-day-of-the-month price for the preceding twelve months without giving effect to derivative transactions. Reserve estimates for 2020 were prepared by Extraction’s independent reservoir engineering firm, Ryder Scott Company, L.P.

3


The table below reconciles the components driving the 2020 proved reserves decrease:
MMBoe
Balance, December 31, 2019254 
Revisions of previous estimates (1)
(87)
Purchase of reserves— 
Extensions, discoveries, and other additions14 
Sale of reserves(2)
Production(33)
Balance, December 31, 2020146 
(1) Change primarily due to revisions of PUD expirations due to the SEC five-year drilling rule caused by the change in business strategy to focus on cash flow rather than maximizing production and reserves growth.

Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year 2020 Earnings Conference Call Information
Date:Friday, March 19, 2021
Time: 10:00 AM EDT / 8:00 AM MDT
Dial - In Numbers: 1-844-229-9561 (Domestic toll-free)
Conference ID: 9956953

To access the audio webcast, please visit the Investor Relations section of the Company’s website at www.extractionog.com. A replay of the conference call will be available on the website for approximately 30 days following the call.

About Extraction Oil & Gas
Extraction Oil & Gas is a Denver-based independent energy company differentiated by its financial, operational and governance model. The Company is focused on developing and producing crude oil, natural gas and NGLs in the Denver-Julesburg Basin of Colorado. Extraction’s common shares are listed for trading on NASDAQ under the symbol XOG. For more information, please visit www.extractionog.com.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
Certain statements contained in this press release constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, included herein concerning, among other things, planned capital expenditures, increases in oil and gas production, the number of anticipated wells to be drilled or completed after the date hereof, anticipated levels of free cash flow and debt, shareholder returns, pursuit of potential acquisition opportunities, our financial position, business strategy and other plans and objectives for future operations, are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are identified by their use of terms and phrases such as “may,” “expect,” “estimate,” “project,” “plan,” “believe,” “intend,” “achievable,” “anticipate,” “will,” “continue,” “potential,” “should,” “could,” and similar terms and phrases. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, they do involve certain assumptions, risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements represent our expectations or beliefs concerning future events, and it is possible that the results described in this press release will not be achieved. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are outside of our control that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements.

Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made, and, except as required by law, we do not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all such factors. When considering these forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the risk factors and other cautionary statements in the “Risk Factors” section of our most recent Form 10-K and Forms 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and in our other public filings and press releases. These and other factors could cause our actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement.

Investor Contact: John Wren, ir@extractionog.com
Media Contact: Brian Cain, info@extractionog.com
4


EXTRACTION OIL & GAS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share data)
(Debtor-In-Possession)
December 31,
2020
December 31,
2019
ASSETS
Current Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$205,890 $32,382 
Accounts receivable76,695 137,112 
Inventory, prepaid expenses and other36,382 36,702 
Commodity derivative asset6,971 17,554 
Total Current Assets325,938 223,750 
Property and Equipment (successful efforts method), at cost:
Oil and gas properties5,092,901 5,204,881 
Less: accumulated depletion, depreciation, amortization and impairment charges(3,459,689)(2,985,983)
Net oil and gas properties1,633,212 2,218,898 
Gathering systems and facilities, net of accumulated depreciation— 315,777 
Other property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation and impairment charges56,701 72,542 
Net Property and Equipment1,689,913 2,607,217 
Non-Current Assets:
Commodity derivative asset— 13,229 
Other non-current assets9,348 82,761 
Total Non-Current Assets9,348 95,990 
Total Assets$2,025,199 $2,926,957 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current Liabilities:
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities$80,082 $190,864 
Revenue payable49,376 108,493 
Production taxes payable2,595 115,489 
Commodity derivative liability2,147 1,998 
Accrued interest payable692 20,625 
Asset retirement obligations— 27,058 
DIP Credit Facility106,727 — 
Prior Credit Facility453,747 — 
Total Current Liabilities695,366 464,527 
Non-Current Liabilities:
Prior Credit Facility— 470,000 
Senior Notes, net of unamortized debt issuance costs— 1,085,777 
Production tax payable33,627 98,740 
Commodity derivative liability— 108 
Other non-current liabilities— 54,579 
Asset retirement obligations— 68,850 
Total Non-Current Liabilities33,627 1,778,054 
Liabilities Subject to Compromise2,143,497 — 
Total Liabilities2,872,490 2,242,581 
Commitments and Contingencies
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized; 185,280 issued and outstanding191,754 175,639 
Stockholders' Equity (Deficit):
Extraction Oil & Gas, Inc.(1,039,045)244,373 
Noncontrolling interest— 264,364 
Total Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)(1,039,045)508,737 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity$2,025,199 $2,926,957 

5


EXTRACTION OIL & GAS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Debtor-In-Possession)

For the Three Months Ended
December 31,
For the Year Ended
December 31,
2020201920202019
(Unaudited)
Revenues:
Oil sales$110,945 $219,838 $382,526 $721,429 
Natural gas sales33,967 34,488 96,701 108,873 
NGL sales26,450 30,133 77,204 75,072 
Gathering and compression— 1,261 1,473 1,261 
Total Revenues171,362 285,720 557,904 906,635 
Operating Expenses:
Lease operating expenses12,060 28,810 77,836 97,254 
Midstream operating expenses— 2,258 3,935 2,258 
Transportation and gathering39,295 23,999 138,552 53,140 
Production taxes9,210 21,762 29,038 68,182 
Exploration and abandonment expenses74,030 56,069 258,932 88,794 
Depletion, depreciation, amortization and accretion88,343 172,403 332,319 524,537 
Impairment of long lived assets206,728 1,326,762 208,463 1,337,996 
(Gain) loss on sale of property and equipment(122)1,750 (122)421 
General and administrative expense7,832 13,008 55,182 98,845 
Other operating expenses4,065 — 79,615 — 
Total Operating Expenses441,441 1,646,821 1,183,750 2,271,427 
Operating Loss(270,079)(1,361,101)(625,846)(1,364,792)
Other Income (Expense):
Commodity derivatives gain (loss)(19,073)(76,490)164,968 (37,107)
Loss on deconsolidation of Elevation Midstream, LLC— — (73,139)— 
Reorganization items, net(148,863)— (676,855)— 
Interest expense (1)(8,084)(24,442)(57,143)(79,232)
Other income (loss)(131)1,199 481 4,535 
Total Other Expense(176,151)(99,733)(641,688)(111,804)
Loss Before Income Taxes(446,230)(1,460,834)(1,267,534)(1,476,596)
Income tax benefit2,200 110,076 — 109,176 
Net Loss$(444,030)$(1,350,758)$(1,267,534)$(1,367,420)
Loss Per Common Share
Basic and diluted$(3.22)$(9.84)$(9.34)$(9.29)
Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding
Basic and diluted138,353 138,525 138,149 151,481 
(1)Absent the automatic stay described in Note 8—Long-Term Debt in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2020 would have been $94.5 million.

6


EXTRACTION OIL & GAS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Debtor-In-Possession)
For the Three Months EndedFor the Year Ended
December 31,December 31,
2020201920202019
(Unaudited)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss$(444,030)$(1,350,758)$(1,267,534)$(1,367,420)
Reconciliation of net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depletion, depreciation, amortization and accretion88,343 172,403 332,319 524,537 
Abandonment of unproved properties74,120 47,563 253,142 73,729 
Impairment of long lived assets206,728 1,326,762 208,463 1,337,996 
(Gain) loss on sale of property and equipment(122)1,750 (122)1,431 
Gain on sale of assets of unconsolidated subsidiary— — — (1,010)
Gain on repurchase of 2026 Senior Notes— — — (10,486)
Amortization of debt issuance costs340 1,683 3,685 5,482 
Non-cash lease expenses1,175 3,407 11,724 11,146 
Non-cash reorganization items, net(2,762)— 10,636 — 
Contract asset— 2,525 12,317 24,700 
(Gain) loss on commodity derivatives19,073 94,339 (164,968)37,107 
Settlements on commodity derivatives12,808 (1,068)89,800 (678)
Premiums paid on commodity derivatives— — — (2,852)
Loss on deconsolidation of Elevation Midstream, LLC— — 73,139 — 
Earnings in unconsolidated subsidiaries— — (480)(2,285)
Distributions from unconsolidated subsidiary— 570 — 3,200 
Deferred income tax benefit(2,200)(110,076)— (109,176)
Stock-based compensation2,049 4,651 6,511 43,954 
Changes in current assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable—trade36,284 5,026 16,900 3,630 
Accounts receivable—oil, natural gas and NGL sales(9,080)(29,290)41,674 (12,996)
Inventory, prepaid expenses and other9,311 (1,410)(17,555)(332)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities24,560 716 87,228 (5,753)
Accrued damages for rejected and settled contracts88,041 — 582,439 — 
Revenue payable6,839 14,125 (147)(7,598)
Production taxes payable12,680 28,746 (3,631)40,957 
Accrued interest payable(4,677)3,353 11,743 (1,624)
Asset retirement expenditures(2,558)(13,621)(21,308)(27,702)
Net cash provided by operating activities116,922 201,396 265,975 557,957 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Oil and gas property additions(31,602)(109,666)(249,984)(635,853)
Sale of property and equipment3,273 14,323 14,420 56,305 
Gathering systems and facilities additions, net of cost reimbursements— (33,333)4,193 (202,513)
Other property and equipment additions(123)(6,515)(3,697)(39,090)
Investment in unconsolidated subsidiaries— (7,525)(10,033)(30,012)
Distributions from unconsolidated subsidiary, return of capital— (569)— — 
Sale of assets of unconsolidated subsidiary— — — 1,010 
Net cash used in investing activities(28,452)(143,285)(245,101)(850,153)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Borrowings under Prior Credit Facility— 90,000 200,500 465,000 
Repayments under Prior Credit Facility— (170,000)(70,000)(280,000)
Borrowings under DIP Credit Facility— — 35,000 — 
Repayments under DIP Credit Facility(3,273)— (3,273)— 
Repurchase of 2026 Senior Notes— — — (39,325)
Repurchase of common stock— — — (137,743)
Payment of employee payroll withholding taxes— (687)(120)(1,851)
Debt issuance costs and other financing fees(472)(49)(1,745)(2,104)
Dividends on Series A Preferred Stock— (2,721)— (10,885)
Proceeds from issuance of Preferred Units— — — 99,000 
Preferred Unit issuance costs— — — (2,500)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(3,745)(83,457)160,362 89,592 
Effect of deconsolidation of Elevation Midstream, LLC— — (7,728)— 
Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash84,725 (25,346)173,508 (202,604)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period121,165 57,728 32,382 234,986 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the period$205,890 $32,382 $205,890 $32,382 
Supplemental cash flow information:
Property and equipment included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities$14,878 $118,152 $14,878 $118,152 
Cash paid for interest$12,844 $21,206 $47,032 $93,084 
Cash paid for reorganization items$23,902 $— $34,356 $— 
Preferred Units commitment fees and dividends paid-in-kind$— $6,143 $6,160 $19,992 
Series A Preferred Stock dividends paid-in-kind$— $4,632 $8,749 $4,632 
Accretion of beneficial conversion feature of Series A Preferred Stock$1,914 $1,725 $7,366 $6,640 
Derivative unwinds decreasing Prior Credit Facility$— $— $96,065 $— 
Draw on letter of credit increasing Prior Credit Facility$— $— $24,311 $— 
7


Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Adjusted EBITDAX and Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged are not measures of net income (loss) as determined by United States generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Adjusted EBITDAX and Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged are supplemental non-GAAP financial measures that are used by management and external users of our financial statements, such as industry analysts, investors, lenders and rating agencies. We define Adjusted EBITDAX as net income (loss) adjusted for certain cash and non-cash items, including depletion, depreciation, amortization and accretion (DD&A), impairment of long lived assets, non-recurring charges in other operating expenses, exploration and abandonment expenses, (gain) loss on sale of property and equipment, commodity derivatives gain (loss), settlements on commodity derivative instruments, premiums paid for derivatives that settled during the period, stock-based compensation expense, amortization of debt issuance costs, interest expense, gain on repurchase of senior notes, income tax benefit, loss on deconsolidation of Elevation Midstream, LLC and reorganization items, net. We define Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged as Adjusted EBITDAX adjusted for settlements on commodity derivative instruments and premiums paid for derivatives that settled during the period.

EXTRACTION OIL & GAS, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED EBITDAX AND ADJUSTED EBITDAX, UNHEDGED
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
For the Three Months EndedFor the Year Ended
December 31,December 31,
2020201920202019
Reconciliation of Net Loss to Adjusted EBITDAX:
Net Loss$(444,030)$(1,350,758)$(1,267,534)$(1,367,420)
Add back:
Depletion, depreciation, amortization and accretion88,343 172,403 332,319 524,537 
Impairment of long lived assets206,728 1,326,762 208,463 1,337,996 
Other operating expenses4,065 — 79,615 — 
Exploration and abandonment expenses74,030 56,069 258,932 88,794 
(Gain) loss on sale of property and equipment(122)1,750 (122)421 
Commodity derivatives gain (loss)19,073 76,490 (164,968)37,107 
Settlements on commodity derivative instruments8,052 2,641 188,822 (5,790)
Premiums paid for derivatives that settled during the period— 981 — (18,929)
Stock-based compensation expense2,049 4,651 6,511 43,954 
Amortization of debt issuance costs340 1,683 3,685 5,482 
Interest expense7,744 22,759 53,458 84,236 
Gain on repurchase of 2026 Senior Notes— — — (10,486)
Income tax benefit(2,200)(110,076)— (109,176)
Loss on deconsolidation of Elevation Midstream, LLC— — 73,139 — 
Reorganization items, net148,863 676,855 — 
Adjusted EBITDAX$112,935 $205,355 $449,175 $610,726 
Deduct:
Settlements on commodity derivative instruments8,052 2,641 188,822 (5,790)
Premiums paid for derivatives that settled during the period— 981 — (18,929)
Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged$104,883 $201,733 $260,353 $635,445 

Management believes Adjusted EBITDAX and Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged are useful because they allow us to more effectively evaluate our operating performance and compare the results of our operations from period to period without regard to our financing methods or capital structure. We exclude the items listed above from net income (loss) in arriving at Adjusted EBITDAX and Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged because these amounts can vary substantially from company to company within our industry depending upon accounting methods and book values of assets, capital structures and the method by which the assets were acquired. Adjusted EBITDAX and Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged should not be considered as alternatives to, or more meaningful than, net income (loss) as determined in accordance with GAAP or as an indicator of our operating performance. Certain items excluded from Adjusted EBITDAX and Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged are significant components in understanding and assessing a company’s financial performance, such as a company’s cost of capital, hedging strategy and tax structure, as well as the historic costs of depreciable assets, none of which are components of Adjusted EBITDAX and Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged. Our computations of Adjusted EBITDAX and Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged may not be comparable to other similarly titled measure of other companies. We believe that Adjusted EBITDAX and Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged are widely followed measures of operating performance. A reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDAX and Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged and net income (loss) for the three months and years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 is provided in the table above. Additionally, our management team believes Adjusted EBITDAX and Adjusted EBITDAX, Unhedged are useful to an investor in evaluating our financial performance because these measures (i) are widely used by investors in the oil and natural gas industry to measure a company’s operating performance without regard to items excluded from the calculation of such term, among other factors; (ii) help investors to more meaningfully evaluate and compare the results of our operations from period to period by removing the effect of our capital structure from our operating structure; and (iii) are used by our management team for various purposes, including as a measure of operating performance, in presentations to our board of directors, as a basis for strategic planning and forecasting.
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Free Cash Flow
The following tables present a reconciliation of Discretionary Cash Flow and Adjusted Cash Flow used in Investing and Free Cash Flow to the GAAP financial measure of net cash provided by operating activities and net cash used in investing for each of the periods indicated.

EXTRACTION OIL & GAS, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF FREE CASH FLOW
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
For the Three Months EndedFor the Year Ended
December 31, 2020December 31, 2020
UpstreamMidstreamConsolidatedUpstreamMidstreamConsolidated
Cash Flow from Operating Activities
Net cash provided by operating activities$116,922 $— $116,922 $263,095 $2,880 $265,975 
Changes in current assets and liabilities(161,402)— (161,402)(695,436)(1,907)(697,343)
Discretionary cash flows(44,480)— (44,480)(432,341)973 (431,368)
Cash Flow from Investing Activities
Net cash used in investing activities(28,452)— (28,452)(239,261)(5,840)(245,101)
Change in accounts payable and accrued liabilities related to capital expenditures24,020 — 24,020 74,247 2,210 76,457 
Adjusted cash flow used in investing(4,432)— (4,432)(165,014)(3,630)(168,644)
Other non-recurring adjustments (1)126 — 126 1,729 — 1,729 
Other non-recurring adjustments (2)88,041 — 88,041 582,439 — 582,439 
Free Cash Flow$39,255 $— $39,255 $(13,187)$(2,657)$(15,844)
For the Three Months EndedFor the Year Ended
December 31, 2019December 31, 2019
UpstreamMidstreamConsolidatedUpstreamMidstreamConsolidated
Cash Flow from Operating Activities
Net cash provided by operating activities$199,097 $2,299 $201,396 $554,171 $3,786 $557,957 
Changes in current assets and liabilities(9,807)2,162 (7,645)10,589 829 11,418 
Discretionary cash flows189,290 4,461 193,751 564,760 4,615 569,375 
Cash Flow from Investing Activities
Net cash used in investing activities(101,787)(41,498)(143,285)(623,506)(226,647)(850,153)
Change in accounts payable and accrued liabilities related to capital expenditures16,626 23,400 40,026 23,372 428 23,800 
Adjusted cash flow used in investing(85,161)(18,098)(103,259)(600,134)(226,219)(826,353)
Other non-recurring adjustments (1)6,647 — 6,647 16,496 — 16,496 
Free Cash Flow$110,776 $(13,637)$97,139 $(18,878)$(221,604)$(240,482)
(1) Amount incurred for the construction of our field office that is included in other property and equipment in Extraction's consolidated statements of cash flows.
(2) Accrued damages for rejected and settled contracts within changes in current assets and liabilities on the consolidated statements of cash flows.

Our Free Cash Flow is not a measure of net income (loss) as determined by GAAP. We define Free Cash Flow as Discretionary Cash Flow (non-GAAP) less Adjusted Cash Flow used in Investing (non-GAAP) adjusted for Other Non-Recurring Adjustments (non-GAAP). Discretionary Cash Flow is defined as net cash provided by operating activities (GAAP) less changes in working capital (current assets and liabilities). Adjusted Cash Flow used in Investing is defined as cash flow used in investing activities (GAAP) adjusted for changes in accounts payable and accrued liabilities related to capital expenditures.

Free Cash Flow is used by management and external users of our financial statements, such as industry analysts, investors, lenders and rating agencies. We believe Free Cash Flow can provide additional transparency into the drivers of trends in our operating cash flows, such as production, realized sales prices and operating costs, as it disregards the timing of settlement of operating assets and liabilities. We believe Free Cash Flow provides additional information that may be useful in an analysis of our ability to generate cash to fund exploration and development activities, construct and support of midstream assets, and to return capital to stockholders.
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